Section: MySQL Database System (1)
Updated: 12/16/2009
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mysql.server - MySQL server startup script  


mysql {start|stop}


MySQL distributions on Unix include a script named mysql.server. It can be used on systems such as Linux and Solaris that use System V-style run directories to start and stop system services. It is also used by the Mac OS X Startup Item for MySQL.

mysql.server can be found in the support-files directory under your MySQL installation directory or in a MySQL source distribution.

If you use the Linux server RPM package (MySQL-server-VERSION.rpm), the mysql.server script will be installed in the /etc/init.d directory with the name mysql. You need not install it manually. See Section 2.6.1, lqInstalling MySQL from RPM Packages on Linuxrq, for more information on the Linux RPM packages.

Some vendors provide RPM packages that install a startup script under a different name such as mysqld.

If you install MySQL from a source distribution or using a binary distribution format that does not install mysql.server automatically, you can install it manually. Instructions are provided in Section, lqStarting and Stopping MySQL Automaticallyrq.

mysql.server reads options from the [mysql.server] and [mysqld] sections of option files. For backward compatibility, it also reads [mysql_server] sections, although you should rename such sections to [mysql.server] when using MySQL 5.1.

mysql.server supports the following options.

* --basedir=path

The path to the MySQL installation directory.

* --datadir=path

The path to the MySQL data directory.

* --pid-file=file_name

The path name of the file in which the server should write its process ID.

* --service-startup-timeout=file_name

How long in seconds to wait for confirmation of server startup. If the server does not start within this time, mysql.server exits with an error. The default value is 900. A value of 0 means not to wait at all for startup. Negative values mean to wait forever (no timeout). This option was added in MySQL 5.1.17. Before that, a value of 900 is always used.

* --use-mysqld_safe

Use mysqld_safe to start the server. This is the default.

* --use-manager

Use Instance Manager to start the server.

* --user=user_name

The login user name to use for running mysqld.



Copyright 2007-2008 MySQL AB, 2009 Sun Microsystems, Inc.

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For more information, please refer to the MySQL Reference Manual, which may already be installed locally and which is also available online at http://dev.mysql.com/doc/.  


Sun Microsystems, Inc. (http://www.mysql.com/).